Conditional covenants are everlasting as long as the terms of the contract are upheld by the agreeing parties.
Israel broke the covenant. Therefore it is no longer everlasting.
I was reading another discussion forum regarding the difference between the new covenant and the old. I would like to share some points a fellow blogger had to say that I found were key points to understanding these differences.
By JGIG (Joyfully Growing in Grace)
Who is your acting high priest for the times when you fall short?
How do you reconcile the fact that Yeshua, being of the Tribe of Judah, cannot legally administer the Old Covenant to which you currently adhere?
Do you realize that by operating in the Old Covenant you have no representation in the Heavenly Tabernacle because Yeshua is the Perfect High Priest for a better Covenant, the New Covenant? It is not like the Old, but a superior covenant built on better promises! (Jer. 31:32, 2 Cor. 3, Heb. 8:6)
Bottom line is that there is no priesthood to mediate for you when you mess up in the Old Covenant. So you must keep all of the laws in the Old Covenant that apply to you perfectly, all of the time. If you do not, then in that Old Covenant, you stand condemned – unrepresented by anyone. (2 Cor. 3, Galatians 3:10, James 2:10)
And the Levitical Priesthood is not coming back – ever – for Christ Jesus has been made a Priest forever by an Oath made by God and by the power of an indestructible Life. (Heb. 7)
If you are truly in Christ, however, He’s faithful to intercede for you, even in your misled and bewitched state. He is faithful even when we are not. (Galatians, 1 Thess. 5:23-24, Heb. 7:25)
We are ministers of a ‘new’ covenant. The laws written on stone are now being written upon your heart. God is minstering his ways in a ‘new’ way that was not possible through Israel. Because she was faithless in her former state, and because obedience to Torah is ALWAYS reliant on ones faith, not ones works.
We have faith in the One who does the Work. That he accomplishes all for us, and keeps us in unity with God. His Torah is ministered with so much more glory than the old covenant that it fades away. His law keeps us united with God in Faith. Because now, in the new covenant, He is working, and we believe.
In the old covenant He commanded we work because we believe, it was a conditional covenant, unlike the one made with Abraham. But no man really believed, only did the works, believing that doing them was salvation. But that was wrong. Salvation is having faith in THE Work of God.
The old covenant was God telling us how to work it out. The new covenant is God telling us how He worked it out.
Point being, there is a difference between the old and new covenant that is as different as night and day. And it’s not that the laws of love and faith given in the Torah are null and void. It’s that they are now transformed into your heart, your spirit, your way of being. Why? Because he commanded Israel through Moses? No, because he commanded Israel through Yeshua that we would be one with God when He comes to dwell within us. Which was ONLY possible throught he Messiah promised by Moses. And why Moses preached that Israel MUST hear and listen to him or die (in your sins). Meaning there was something greater coming, not like that which was given Moses, that if missed would be your death.
Yeshua is this Word, He is THE One who works on your behalf, in your stead, IN YOUR SPIRIT! You are dead but he is alive.
And I believe the work he has done that made a way for gentiles to partake of this covenant along side Israel will culminate in the regathering of Israel in her land. Where she will be made completley clean and restored, living in union with God through the Spirit given by Yeshua the King. Then all nations will come and learn his ways, of love, grace, and mercy. God living as King among us! Within us! And throughout us! This is our hope of glory, not that we are restored to an old covenant, but that we are ministers of this ‘new’ covenant. An everlasting promise made to Abraham, that those who live by faith will receive the promise of the kingdom.
theological and ethical insights from Russ Resnik
Here I stand.
learning to make His people my people
'For him, there was no small or unimportant Jew. There were no unimportant non-Jews either. As the Rebbe made clear, no human being created "in God's image" could ever be regarded as "small" or unimportant.' -Joseph Telushkin